The doctor shows the best way to prevent diphtheria; distinguish this disease from sore throat, tonsillitis

Ms. Tran Duy Hung – Head of The Department of General Infection, Central Tropical Diseases Hospital recommends that the most effective way to prevent diphtheria is that parents should take their children to receive a coordinated vaccine against diphtheria (ComBe Five or DPT-VGB-Hib (SII), Td) with enough injections and on schedule. In the context of the covid-19 epidemic is still latent, parents pay attention to take their children to fully vaccinate, avoiding the risk of another outbreak again.

SII or ComBe Five vaccination schedule in the Expanded Immunization Program:
Nose 1: Vaccination when the child is 2 months old
Nose 2: After the first shot 1 month
Nose 3: After the second shot 1 month
Nose 4: When the child is 18 months old.

Diphtheria is occurring in some communes of Dak Nong province and has recorded deaths. Areas with people with the disease have low vaccination rates of 48-52%, cases have not been vaccinated enough against diphtheria. This situation raises the alarm to remind people about the full and timely vaccination of children, especially in remote areas, there are many difficulties in accessing vaccination services.

In the face of that fact, Ms. Tran Duy Hung – Head of The Department of General Infection, Central Tropical Diseases Hospital recommends that the effective way to prevent diphtheria is that parents should take their children to receive a coordinated vaccine against diphtheria (ComBe Five or DPT-VGB-Hib (SII), Td) with enough injections and on schedule.

According to Dr. Hung, in recent years, diphtheria has been almost absent in the Northern region. Since the combination vaccine for diphtheria prevention was introduced into the expanded Immunization program, the disease has been controlled, recently only a few sporadic cases have been recorded in the Central Highlands due to the failure to vaccinate against the disease.

Diphtheria outbreaks usually occur only in remote areas where vaccination rates are low. However, diphtheria has not been eliminated in our country, so people can still get the disease if they have not been vaccinated against the disease and exposed to the pathogen.

Dr. Tran Duy Hung shared information about diphtheria and recommended that parents take their children to get vaccinated to prevent the disease.

“This disease is not too difficult to treat, but it is important for people to pay attention to the early signs of the disease in order to go to the doctor and treatment in a timely manner. The mortality rate in diphtheria that is not treated promptly is relatively high. In the evening, the patient can die within 24-48 hours,” the specialist said.

Pay attention to the typical signs.

Diphtheria is a bacterial infection, acute intoxication caused by diphtheria bacteria, belonging to group B in the Law on Prevention of Infectious Diseases; The disease is common in young children, but can also be seen in adults without immunity.

The disease is easily transmitted through the respiratory tract or through direct contact with secretions from the mucous membranes of the nose and throat of the patient or the healer carries the infection when coughing, sneezing, especially in densely populated areas or where hygiene conditions are not guaranteed.

Dr. Hung advises, the manifestation of the disease can be from mild to severe, often with fever but not high, white prosthesis in the almond glands, pharynx, larynx, nose, may appear in the skin, other mucous membranes such as the conjunctiva of the eyes or genitals, severe cases can cause complications and death.

“The most frightening complication of diphtheria is the toxic myocarditis of diphtheria, which easily leads to death. In addition, there may be complications of nerve inflammation damage…” – Dr. Hung added.